Lower Guinea includes the coast and coastal plain. Becoming An Investor In Nigeria: Where To Start? Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve is a protected area and UNESCO World Heritage Site located in both Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire, extending over a total of area of 17,540 hectares (43,340 acres), with 12,540 hectares (30,985 acres) in Guinea, and 5,000 hectares (12,355 acres) in Côte d’Ivoire. Composed of granite, gneiss, schist (crystalline rock), and quartzite, the region has an average elevation of about 1,000 feet (300 metres). The World Health Organization estimated 95.6 percent of women and girls in Guinea had suffered female genital mutilation in 2005. Its base rocks of granite and gneiss (coarse-grained rock containing bands of minerals) are covered with laterite (red soil with a high content of iron oxides and aluminum hydroxide) and sandstone gravel. Many of the dry woodlands of the region are protected in Haut Niger National Park, located in the centre of the country. Guinea’s economic situation did not improve despite large aluminum resources. A virtual guide to Guinea, a developing country in the tropical southwestern part of West Africa at the Atlantic Ocean. In 2002, due to the government’s failure to meet criteria, the IMF suspended Guinea’s Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). These are subdivided into 33 prefectures. When Camara went to Morocco for medical treatment, his vice-president, Sekouba Konate, returned from Lebanon to run the country. During the 1990s Guinea accommodated several hundred thousand war refugees from neighbouring Liberia and Sierra Leone, and conflicts between those countries and Guinea have continued to flare up over the refugee population. The Guinean sector was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1981 and is home to a unique and diverse array of flora and fauna. Conakry is the largest city, seat of government, and capital. Guinea’s land area is approximately the size of the U.K. Its land border is 3,400 km and the coastline is 300 km. Travel tips. In the 1990s the government adopted policies to privatize commercial activity and reduce state involvement. The mountain’s densely forested slopes are part of the Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve, which has significant portions in Guinea. The Fouta Djallon also gives rise to numerous smaller rivers, including the Fatala, Konkouré, and Kolenté, which flow westward across the coastal plain to enter the Atlantic Ocean. Most roads are in poor repair. DRC Energy & Infrastructure Investment Summit 2021, Manta Rays and Whale Sharks are Now Protected by Law in Mozambique, Ghana’s ‘Mushroom Queen’ Grows Her Fungi in Sawdust, ‘It Speaks to an Ancient History’: Why South Africa Has the World’s Most Exciting Dance Music, MarvinKann Releases “Forever” Video Featuring Lib Whezzy & KIING, Not So Fast… This Is What You Should Know About Internet Speed Tests. A musical group, Bembeya Jazz, became rose in popularity in the 1960s after independence. Experiments with … No other country has as much bauxite as Guinea-Conakry. At the event, the Guest of Honour was his Excellency the Prime Minister of the Republic of Guinea, […] At the end of 2004, estimates show 170,000 infected with HIV/AIDS. In the Fouta Djallon, January afternoon temperatures range from the mid-80s to the mid-90s F (about 30 to 35 °C), while evening temperatures dip into the high 40s and low 50s F (about 8 to 11 °C). Badiar National Park, which is administered jointly with Niokolo-Koba National Park in southeastern Senegal, contains savanna and forest. Large, multi-national corporations like Global Alumina, Alcoa, and Alcan have invested in mining and refining operations. Poisonous snakes include mambas, vipers, and cobras, and there are pythons and a variety of harmless snakes. Large-scale gold and diamond mining also occurs. A commission reviews all investment proposals. The coast has undergone recent marine submergence and is marked by rias, or drowned river valleys, that form inlets and tidal estuaries. US Election 2020. There is no discrimination between foreign and domestic investment. AREDOR is a diamond-mining venture partly owned by the Guinean government. Europe America Asia Africa Australia Oceania. Rail and domestic air services are insufficient and offer inadequate services. Content is produced in collaboration between Africa.com’s editorial team and our partners — including nongovernmental organizations, private sector stakeholders, agencies and institutions. Hyperdynamics Corporation, an American oil company, also signed an agreement to develop offshore oil deposits. The junta ordered protesters attacked on September 28, 2009. The Gambia River flows northwestward before crossing Senegal and The Gambia. Baboons and hyenas are common, while an occasional wild boar, several types of antelope, and a rare leopard may be sighted. There are 700 in the air force, which has several Russian planes and transports. Guinea was the first French colony in Africa to opt out of French rule, and has paid the price economically. Its soldiers have been accused of mutilation, rape, and murder in these attacks. Uranium may also be present but its quantities are unknown. In 1996, the president promised additional reforms and appointed a new government. He also ruled as a despot until he died in 2008. Camara was shot by an aide during a dispute on December 3, 2009. Crocodiles and several varieties of fish are found in most rivers. French is the official language and other common languages are Susu, Pular, Maninka, Kissi, Kpelle, and Loma. If implemented, there is potential for development, but this has been hindered by corruption, lack of stability, and lack of transparent budgeting. In addition to bauxite, Guinea also has large diamond, iron, and gold deposits. Guinea's many rivers supply water to much of West Africa. Guinea (/ ˈ ɡ ɪ n i / ()), officially the Republic of Guinea (French: République de Guinée), is a west-coastal country in West Africa.Formerly known as French Guinea (French: Guinée française), the modern country is sometimes referred to as Guinea-Conakry to distinguish it from other countries with "Guinea" in the name and the eponymous region, such as Guinea-Bissau and Equatorial Guinea. Guinea is located in Western Africa, with the west coast facing the North Atlantic Ocean. Guinea is not rich in African big game. unity-based methods. New Zealanders travelling or living in Guinea should have a comprehensive travel insurance policy in place that includes provision for medical evacuation by air. In June and July 2010, the elections occurred and were the first free and fair votes since independence. Water and electrical utilities were operated privately until 2001. Hydroelectric power has potential as well. Latest travel advice for Guinea, including how to stay safe during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and information on returning to the UK. Gasoline price controls have been loosened, exchange rates have been allowed to float, and government spending has been reduced. Despite these problems, foreign investors still come to Guinea. Guinea, country of western Africa, located on the Atlantic coast. The government recognizes the Jehovah’s Witnesses, who are active. New Zealanders in Guinea are encouraged to register their details with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. The 10,000,000 people in Guinea are part of 24 ethnic groups. There are 24 ethnic groups in Guinea. Guinea has a population of 12.4 million.The capital and largest city, Conakry, is Guinea’s economic and cultural hub. Mount Nimba (5,748 feet [1,752 metres]), the highest mountain in the region, is located at the borders of Guinea, Liberia, and Côte d’Ivoire. More than 20 rivers in western Africa originate in Guinea. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Guinea’s poor infrastructure and corruption hinder development. Offended by one-sided coverage of wars, disasters and disease, the founders of Africa.com created a website that provides a balanced view of Africa – current events, business, arts & culture, travel, fashion, sports, information, development, and more. An excellent book for the general reader about Papua New Guinea is Sean Dorney's Papua New Guinea: People, Politics, and History Since 1975. The Fouta Djallon highlands rise sharply from the coastal plain in a series of abrupt faults. Guinea’s locals rely on taxi and small buses for travel. 85 percent of the people practice Islam, 10 percent are Christian, and 5 percent hold indigenous beliefs. km. 3. On October 2, 1958, Guinea earned its independence. Thanks for reading and for your interest in Africa. Fulani is the most widespread Muslim ethnic group in Sahel and West Africa. The agreement stated Camara would continue his medical recovery outside Guinea and the military would not intervene in the elections. There are four regions with distinct characteristics. The Saint Paul River enters the Atlantic at Monrovia, in Liberia, and the Moa River has its mouth at Sulima, in Sierra Leone. The word papua is derived from an old local term of uncertain origin. " It moved to Ivory Coast before being conquered by the French. Republica Guineea (în franceză: République de Guinée) este un stat situat în Africa de Vest.Are granițe cu Guineea-Bissau și Senegal la nord, Mali la nord și nord-est, Coasta de Fildeș la sud-est, Liberia la sud, și Sierra Leone la vest. A small amount of river traffic also exists on the Niger and Milo rivers. On January 12, 2010, Camara went to Burkina Faso and issued a statement pledging a return to civilian rule within six months. After the fall of the major West African empires, various kingdoms existed in what is now Guinea: Futa Jallon Fulani Muslims migrated to Fouta Jallon in Central Guinea and established an Islamic state from 1735 to 1898 with a written constitution and alternate rulers. More than 5,000 square miles (13,000 square km) of the highlands’ total extent of 30,000 square miles (78,000 square km) lie above 3,000 feet (900 metres). The Kakoulima Massif, for example, attains 3,273 feet (998 metres) northeast of Conakry. Read . Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Guinea, Guinea - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Guinea - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Since the 1987 Bamako Initiative, Guinea has been reorganizing its healthcare system to promote comm. Fouta Djallon is a highland region in the center of Guinea. Sandy brown soils predominate in the northeast, while black, heavy clay soils accumulate in the backwaters along the coast. The origin of the name is from the Pular word for the region plus the name of the original inhabitants, the Yalunka or Jalonke. There are 10,000 non-Africans. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. There are many great books about Papua New Guinea, including great fiction as well as non-fiction. On the coast a period of six months of dry weather is followed by six months of rain. Reforms were begun in 2004 under Prime Minister Diallo. While the government met spending goals in social sectors, military spending contributed to a fiscal deficit. The Fouta Djallon is mostly open, with trees growing along the wider stream valleys. The arrival of the migratory intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) in June brings the heaviest rainfall of the wet season. Of the Muslims, most are Sufi or Sunni. These elections were postponed due to allegations of fraud. There are four branches to the country’s armed forces. There are also deposits of gold, diamonds, and other metals. There are also plants for juices, beer, soft drinks, and tobacco. Guinea is bordered by Guinea-Bissau to the northwest, Senegal to the north, Mali to the northeast, Côte d’Ivoire to the southeast, and Liberia and Sierra Leone to the south. Etymology. It is bordered by Ivory Coast, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Senegal, and Sierra Leone. The Niger River flows east and arises in Guinea. Guinea’s musical tradition is rich and diverse as it is in other West African countries. Omissions? Numele țării este de origine berberă și se poate traduce drept 'țara negrilor'. There was also effort to extend all health care areas to improve indicators. It then was ruled successively by Sékou Touré (1958–84) and Lansana Conté (1984–2008), the latter of whom claimed power through a military coup. Papua New Guinea is surrounded by coral reefs which are under close watch to preserve them. A new port near Simandou North is also set to be constructed due to additional iron mining. Author of. In the Forest Region at Macenta there may be some 100 or more inches (2,540 mm) of rain annually. There is an agreement between Guinea and the U.S. providing political risk insurance to American investors. The modern state of Guinea did not come into existence until 1958, but the history of Guinea stretches back well before European colonization. Fulani has their roots in the North Africa and is bound together by the Fula language, culture, and religious beliefs. Guinea. The average rainfall at Conakry is about 170 inches (4,300 mm) a year, and the average annual temperatures are in the low 80s F (about 27 °C). Currently, it is the 2nd poorest country in the world, following neighboring Sierra Leone. Small communities of Baha’i, Hindus, and Buddhists also live in Guinea. Mount Nimba (5,748 feet [1,752 metres]), the highest mountain in the region, is located at the borders of Guinea, Liberia, and Côte d’Ivoire. The mountain’s densely forested slopes are part of the Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve, which has significant portions in Guinea. Transform Africa Summit 2020 edition has been officially announced in Conakry the capital of Guinea. Updates? The Niger River and several tributaries, including the Tinkisso, Milo, and Sankarani, rise in the highlands and flow in a general northeasterly direction across Upper Guinea to Mali. The mountains are the source of the Niger, Senegal, and Gambia rivers. The Republic of Guinea is located in West Africa and bordered to the northwest by Guinea-Bissau, the north by Senegal and Mali, the east by Côte d'Ivoire, the south by Liberia and the southwest by Sierra Leone. After the first rounds, Cellou Dalein Diallo and Alpha Conde were the winners and set to move into the second round. Unemployment in Guinea’s youth is a major problem. Of the remainder, 30 percent are Mandinka and 20 percent the Soussou. The flat relief is broken by rounded granite hills and outliers of the Fouta Djallon. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser. New The country’s rulers have been autocratic and Guinea is one of the world’s poorest countries. World Africa Its topography varies from coastal plains to inland mountains that account for about 60 percent of the land area. Unlike many global publications, for nearly a decade we have been committed to showing a complete picture of Africa – not just a single story. Early in the country’s history, Guinea was a major exporter of coffee, peanuts, palm oil, pineapples, and bananas. Religion: Muslim majority and … This official launch made on Friday last week was made together by Smart Africa with the Republic of Guinea at Noom Hotel. The climate of Guinea is tropical with two alternating seasons—a dry season (November through March) and a wet season (April through October). This loss forced the government to seek finances from the Central Bank. The largest airport is the Conakry International Airport. The Forest Region contains several extensive patches of rainforest, with teak, mahogany, and ebony trees; agriculture, however, has diminished the forests and resulted in a shift largely toward open savanna. Of the Christians, there are Roman Catholics, Baptists, Seventh-day Adventists, and Anglicans. Guinea - Guinea - Government and society: For more than 25 years under Pres. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The government owns significant parts of these companies. Mali, Senegal, and Guinea-Bissau share the northern border and Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Côte d’Ivoire are to the south. Numerous offshore islands are remnants of former hills. Natural resources are plentiful: in addition to its hydroelectric potential, Guinea possesses a large portion of the world’s bauxite reserves and significant amounts of iron, gold, and diamonds. The navy operates small patrol boats and barges. 80 percent of Guinea’s foreign exchanges result from bauxite mining in the northwest. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Nonetheless, the economy is largely based on subsistence agriculture. The army is the largest branch with 15,000 personnel and is responsible for securing the borders. In 2006, Guinea entered into a production agreement with Hyperdymanics Corporation out of Houston, Texas to explore offshore oil deposits. On 29 September 1898, he was captured by the French Commandant Goudraud and exiled to Gabon, marking the end of the Wassoulou Empire. While they see economically prosperous countries in the media, their inability to find work is frustrating. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Basically an enormous sandstone block, the Fouta Djallon consists of level plateaus broken by deeply incised valleys and dotted with sills and dikes, or exposed structures of ancient volcanism resulting in resistant landforms of igneous rock. Sixteen women and children were killed in the remote town of Tari in Hela Province, Papua New Guinea in an attack described by police as "barbaric and inhumane." Outside Conakry, foreign investment is given more favorable terms. There is also an arbitration system that was installed to quickly resolve disputes. CBG is 49 percent government owned and the remainder is owned by Alcan and Alcoa. Some of these reforms include ending agriculture restrictions, creating a proper exchange rate, increasing education spending, and cutting bureaucracy. The coast is fringed with mangrove trees, and the coastal plain supports stands of oil palms. Deciduous trees grow in scattered clumps, but few have commercial value; baobabs and shea trees furnish fruit and oil. Sékou Touré, Guinea was a one-party state ruled by the Democratic Party of Guinea (Parti Démocratique de Guinée; PDG). The Boulbinet section and the fishing harbour at Conakry, Guinea. The Forest Region, or Guinea Highlands, is a historically isolated area of hills in the country’s southeastern corner. Agriculture and fishing are potential growth areas. He entered into combat with the colonial army, defeating them on several occasions, including a notable victory on 2 April 1882, at Woyowayanko in the face of French heavy artillery. After the fall of the major West African empires, various kingdoms existed in what is now Guinea: Fulani Muslims migrated to Fouta Jallon in Central Guinea and established an Islamic state from 1735 to 1898 with a written constitution and alternate rulers. Lansana Conte became president after a short coup. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The name came into use among European shippers and map makers in the seventeenth century to refer to the coast of West Africa from Guinea to Benin. Some Guineans claim that the word arose from an early episode in the European-African encounter. Moussa Dadis Camara took control on December 23, 2008 as the leader of a junta.

Moovit Tempo Reale, Cartina Trentino Alto Adige Laghi, Sigla Ulisse Il Piacere Della Scoperta, Banana Polpa Nera, Manuale Di Pedagogia Pdf, Case In Vendita A Merlara, Confini Del Veneto,